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  1. Read and evaluate the feedback from each exercise you complete.
  2. Include a title heading for each exercise summary.
  3. Tell me your test scores (do not copy and paste, please type out your scores).
  4. Write three or more sentences in your own words that summarize the following:
  • Do you agree with the results?
  • What did you learn about yourself?
  • Provide a real-life example

 https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_79.htm

Self-Assessment: What Organizational Structure Do You Prefer?

Personal values influence how comfortable you are working in different organizational
structures. You might prefer an organization with clearly defined rules or no rules at all. You
might prefer a firm where almost any employee can make important decisions, or where
important decisions are screened by senior executives. This self-assessment is designed to help
you estimate the type of organizational structure in which you would prefer to work based on
your personal needs and values.
Instructions:
Read each statement in this self-assessment and indicate how well the statement reflects the
type of organization in which you would prefer to work. You need to complete each item
honestly to get the best estimate of your preferred organizational structure.
I would like to work in an organization where…

1. A person’s career ladder has several steps toward higher status and responsibility.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
2. Employees perform their work with few rules to limit their discretion.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
3. Responsibility is pushed down to employees who perform the work.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
4. Supervisors have few employees, so they work closely with each person.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
5. Senior executives make most decisions to ensure that the company is consistent in its

actions.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
6. Jobs are clearly defined so there is no confusion over who is responsible for various

tasks.
o Not at all
o A little

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o Somewhat
o Very much
7. Employees have their say on issues, but senior executives make most of the decisions.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
8. Job descriptions are broadly stated or nonexistent.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
9. Everyone’s work is tightly synchronized around top management operating plans.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
10. Most work is performed in teams without close supervision.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
11. Work gets done through informal discussion with co-workers rather than through formal

rules.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
12. Supervisors have so many employees that they can’t watch anyone very closely.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
13. Everyone has clearly understood goals, expectations, and job duties.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much
14. Senior executives assign overall goals, but leave daily decisions to front line teams.
o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat

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o Very much
15. Even in a large company, the CEO is only three or four levels above the lowest position.

o Not at all
o A little
o Somewhat
o Very much

Understanding Your Score on the Preferred Organizational Structure Scale
This self-assessment calculates your preferred organizational structure. Specifically, it estimates
the extent to which you prefer a mechanistic or organic structure, as well as the three
dimensions of a mechanistic structure: tall hierarchy, formalization, and centralization. The
following graphs compare your preferred organizational structure scores to a sample of over
200 MBA students. However, due to cultural, occupational, and age differences, these results
might be less relevant to you.

Low preference Average preference Strong preference

0 0 to 5 6 to 10 11 to 15 15

Tall hierarchy
People with high scores on this dimension prefer to work in organizations with several levels of
hierarchy and a narrow span of control (few employees per supervisor). Scores on this subscale
range from 0 to 15. The average score among a sample of MBA students was 7.8.

Low preference Average preference Strong preference

0 0 to 8 9 to 11 12 to 15 15

Formalization
People with high scores on this dimension prefer to work in organizations where jobs are clearly
defined with limited discretion. Scores on this subscale range from 0 to 15. The average score
among a sample of MBA students was 9.4.

Low preference Average preference Strong preference

0 0 to 6 7 to 9 10 to 15 15

Centralization
People with high scores on this dimension prefer to work in organizations where decision
making occurs mainly among top management rather than spread out to lower level staff.
Scores on this subscale range from 0 to 15. The average score among a sample of MBA students
was 7.7.

Low preference Average preference Strong preference

0 0 to 21 22 to 29 30 to 45 45

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Mechanistic Structure Preference (Total Score)

People with high scores on this overall score prefer to work in mechanistic organizations,
whereas those with low scores prefer to work in organic organizational structures. Mechanistic
structures are characterized by a narrow span of control and high degree of formalization and
centralization. Organic structures have a wide span of control, little formalization, and
decentralized decision making. Scores on this subscale range from 0 to 45. The average score
among a sample of MBA students was 24.9.
Scoring:
To find where you stand on the “Preferred Organizational Structure Scale,” please refer to the
following scoring guide:
(Tall hierarchy – Questions 10, 12, 15)
Not at all – 3 points
A little – 2 points
Somewhat – 1 point
Very much – 0 points
(Tall hierarchy – Questions 1, 4)
Not at all – 0 points
A little – 1 point
Somewhat – 2 points
Very much – 3 points
(Formalization – Questions 2, 8, 11)
Not at all – 3 points
A little – 2 points
Somewhat – 1 point
Very much – 0 points
(Formalization – Questions 6, 13)
Not at all – 0 points
A little – 1 point
Somewhat – 2 points
Very much – 3 points
(Centralization – Question 3, 14)
Not at all – 3 points
A little – 2 points
Somewhat – 1 point
Very much – 0 points
(Centralization – Questions 5, 7, 9)
Not at all – 0 points
A little – 1 point
Somewhat – 2 points
Very much – 3 points
Mechanistic Structure Preference (Total) – add the totals for all three factors.

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Are You a Self-Manager?

To determine your self-management initiative, rate each of the following items, from 1 (“Never Do This”) to 7 (“Always Do This”).

Never Do This

Always Do This

Planning

1.

I plan out my day before beginning to work.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

2.

I try to schedule my work in advance.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

3.

I plan my career carefully.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

4.

I come to work early to plan my day.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

5.

I use lists and agendas to structure my workday.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

6.

I set specific job goals on a regular basis.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

7.

I set daily goals for myself.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8.

I try to manage my time.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Access management

1.

I control the access subordinates have to me in order to get my work done.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

2.

I use a special place at work where I can work uninterrupted.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

3.

I hold my telephone calls when I need to get things done.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Catch-up activities

1.

I come in early or stay late at work to prevent distractions from interfering with my work.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

2.

I take my work home with me to make sure it gets done.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

3.

I come in on my days off to catch up on my work.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Emotions management

1.

I have learned to manage my aggressiveness with my subordinates.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

2.

My facial expression and conversational tone are important in dealing with subordinates.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

3.

It’s important for me to maintain a “professional” manager-subordinate relationship.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

4.

I try to keep my emotions under control.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Scoring Key:

Higher scores mean a higher degree of self-management. For the overall scale, scores of 100 or higher represent high scores. For each area, the following represent high scores: planning, scores of 48 or higher; access management, scores of 18 or higher; catch-up activities, score of 18 or higher; and emotions management, scores of 24 or higher.


Source: M. Castaneda, T.A. Kolenko, and R.J. Aldag, “Self-Management Perceptions and Practices: A Structual Equations Analysis”, Journal of Organizational Behaviour 20, 1999. Table 4, pp. 114-115. Copyright © John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Reproduced with permission.