POLI330 Week 1 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
(TCO 1) Aristotle’s view that humans live naturally in herds is most related to what explanation for political power?
(TCO 1) The statement “Man is by nature a political animal” is attributed to _____.
Seymour Martin Lipset
(TCO 1) When people base their views on beliefs that may not be based in reality, they are behaving _____.
(TCO 1) The notion that we acknowledge the rightful roles of our leaders or our laws is known as _____.
(TCO 1) Despite a disputed 2000 presidential election, once President George W. Bush took office, few people doubted his _____.
(TCO 1) A(n) _____ is an initial theory a researcher starts with to be proved with evidence.
(TCO 1) When scholars consider various approaches to studying a given topic, they are most concerned with _____.
(TCO 1) Descriptions of political phenomena often lack _____.
(TCO 1) _____ is a subfield of political science.
(TCO 1) Which are both true for most politicians?
They think practically and are skeptical of power.
They seek popularity and hold firm views.
They offer single causes and think abstractly.
They seek accuracy and offer long-term consequences.
POLI330 Week 2 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
(TCO 6) Aristotle said that extreme democracies, pure oligarchies, or tyrannies can develop from what cause?
Communities where some possess much
Communities where some have nothing
All of the above
None of the above
(TCO 6) Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau would likely agree on which of the following?
Individuals join and stay in civil society.
Life is nasty and brutish.
Power resided with the proletariat.
Empirical research is important.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 6) Social contracts, the state of nature, and civil society are phrases that are best associated with _____.
(TCO 6) Karl Marx used the term _____ to refer to everything built on top of the economy.
the social contract
(TCO 6) Which statement best supports Marxist theories?
The United States provides ample opportunities for all who work hard.
Similarities exist between economies in both Europe and the United States.
Tax breaks will often create jobs, benefiting the working class.
Uneven benefits to corporations with few benefits for workers led to the economic crises in the early 2000s.
(TCO 6) Which of the following best describes classical liberalism and modern conservatism?
Classical liberalism is the opposite of modern conservatism.
Classical liberalism is similar to modern conservatism.
Neither classical liberalism, nor modern conservatism continues to exist.
Classical liberalism and modern conservatism were developed by Karl Marx.
Chapter 3, page 37
(TCO 6) Thomas Hill Green might agree with which of the following?
No one is forced to take a job he or she doesn’t like.
Unions are necessary to protect workers against business owners.
Taxes should benefit business owners because they allow owners to hire more workers.
Markets regulate themselves.
(TCO 6) Where do modern conservatives diverge from Adam Smith?
Adam Smith was resolute in his belief that markets produced fair outcomes, whereas modern conservatives are not.
Adam Smith believed government could help regulate market, but modern conservatives do not.
Modern conservatives believe government can help regulate markets, but Adam Smith did not.
Modern conservatives are resolute in their beliefs that markets are fair, but Adam Smith acknowledged that they could be unfair.
(TCO 6) _____ prefer virtually no government involvement in anything.
(TCO 6) _____ is an extreme form of nationalism.
POLI330 Week 3 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
(TCO 2) Hereditary rule by one person is known as _____.
(TCO 2) According to Aristotle, democracy is the _____ form of government by _____.
corrupt; a few
(TCO 2) Which of the following descriptions best depicts a federal system of government?
The central government maintains all the power.
The first-order subdivisions maintain all the power.
Federal systems exist where there are no governments.
Federal systems have divided power between a central government and first-order governments.
(TCO 2) In a single-member district election, the winner receives a minimum of _____.
a plurality of the votes
50% of the votes
two-thirds of the votes
three-fourths of the votes
(TCO 2) If the Green Party receives 15% of the vote in a proportional system, which of the following is likely to happen?
The Green Party would receive no seats.
The Green Party would try to form a coalition with other parties.
The Green Party would attempt to gerrymander districts to its advantage.
The Green Party would demand a recount of the votes.
(TCO 2) Welfare states tend to have which of the following combinations of state ownership and welfare benefits?
High levels of state ownership and high levels of welfare benefits
High levels of state ownership but low levels of welfare benefits
Low levels of state ownership and high levels of welfare benefits
Low levels of state ownership and low levels of welfare benefits
(TCO 2) The concept of basic law originated in which country?
(TCO 2) Which type of regime has a free media, competitive elections, and protected civil liberties?
(TCO 2) The mass media in totalitarian states _____.
show the system is functioning well under wise leaders, but practice a mildly critical attitude toward the official ideology
question the system, but still push the official ideology
show the system is functioning well under wise leaders, and sell the official ideology
question the system only in times of crisis, otherwise selling the official ideology
(TCO 2) What are features of an all-encompassing ideology?
An official theory of history and economics, a portrayal of the world in black-and-white terms, and acceptance of an imperfect society
An official theory of history and economics, a portrayal of the world in black-and-white terms, and claims of a perfect society
An eclectic sense of history and economics, a portrayal of the world in complex terms, and claims of a perfect society
An official theory of history and economics, a portrayal of the world in complex terms, and claims of a perfect society
POLI330 Week 4 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Who generally belongs to interest groups?
A multiplicity of people
Primarily the middle class
Almost exclusively the well educated
Suburbanites and urbanites
0 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Why did the 2010 healthcare reform bill contain no provision for public insurance options?
The insurance industry blocked the Democrats' efforts for a public option.
The people had no desire for a public option.
Democrats were not interested in a public option.
Farmers, heavily invested in the insurance industry, blocked them
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Bureaucracies have become big and powerful, developing _____ of their own.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Some interest groups maintain a low profile by promoting their objectives without _____ them.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Which of the following is a function of political parties?
Parties limit voters’ choices by narrowing the playing field.
Parties function as an input device, allowing citizens to get their needs heard.
Parties decide the issues for televised political debates.
Parties nominate candidates, thereby increasing voter efficacy.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Why does proportional representation (PR) allow and even encourage parties to split?
PR systems assign parliamentary seats in proportion to the percentage of votes in that district.
PR systems designate representation on a flat regional basis.
PR systems allow only a simple plurality to win.
Voters in PR systems tend to be less loyal to their parties.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Which of the following is an advantage to having less powerful, less centralized parties?
Fluid and flexible parties may be better able to process demands from a wider range of citizens.
Multiple party platforms possess greater persuasive abilities over the general public.
Parties can form a stronger organizational identity based around a single, cohesive ideology.
Third parties can effectively shoot for power grabs at legislative seats.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) What do you think might be a side effect of or a cause of nations with very high voter turnout having that level of turnout?
They may have a kind of political fever in which partisan politics has become too intense.
They likely play host to elections in which indistinct personalities and a relatively unified electorate bring out more voters.
They probably don’t offer automatic voter registration.
They usually have mandatory voting.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) What was the relationship between African American voting rates and Barack Obama’s run for president?
African American voting rates rose to those of white voters as African American income and education levels rose.
African American voting rates unexpectedly remained far below those of white voters as African American income and education levels remained steady.
African American voting rates rose to those of Hispanic voters as African American income and education levels rose.
African American voting rates fell unexpectedly below those of white voters despite African American income and education levels rising.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 3) Why might factory workers in small towns feel a different sense of the stakes elections hold than executives and professionals?
Factory workers in small towns may perceive a great deal of difference between candidates, noticing considerable change from one administration to another, and executives and professionals feel generally less involved but still perceive a direct correlation between who wins and their personal fortunes.
Factory workers in small towns may perceive little difference between candidates, noticing little change from one administration to another, and although executives and professionals share this sense of noticing little change from one administration to another, they still perceive a direct correlation between who wins and their personal fortunes.
Factory workers in small towns may perceive little difference between candidates, noticing little change from one administration to another, and executives and professionals feel involved and perceive a direct correlation between who wins and their personal fortunes.
Executives and professionals may perceive little difference between candidates, noticing little change from one administration to another, and factory workers in small towns feel involved and perceive a direct correlation between who wins and their personal incomes.
POLI330 Week 5 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 5) Because they were often at war, ambitious European monarchs desperately needed revenues. Some of them started calling assemblies of notables to levy taxes. In return for their “power of the purse,” these assemblies received a modest input into royal policies. Such were the beginnings of the _____.
French Estates General
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 5) Countries with limits on government have usually had feudal pasts, which suggests what about the dispersion of power?
Equal distribution of power is the only effective political structure.
Power must be distributed by the working class.
Power should be concentrated among the lower classes.
Dispersion of power is good and concentration of power is bad.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 5) In Europe, a cabinet is equivalent to a U.S. _____.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 5) What is the effect of divided government, such as that used in the United States, on spending and policy formation?
It encourages unhealthy spending and foolish policies.
It holds down spending and foolish policies.
It encourages irresponsible spending because representatives are held accountable for only a short amount of time.
It encourages responsible spending, but is slow to implement policy.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 5) The head of ministry is equivalent to the _____ in the United States.
chief of government
head of state
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 5) Distinguish the process that a parliamentary system uses to oust a chief executive from the one available in the U.S. presidential system.
Parliamentary systems rely on impeachment and presidential ones rely on constructive no confidence.
Parliamentary systems use constructive no confidence and presidential systems have the option of impeachment.
The prime minister can dissolve parliament and the president can resign from office.
Parliamentary systems can hold a vote of no confidence and presidential ones have the option of impeachment.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 4) Distinguish between primitive and modern judicial systems.
Primitive legal systems rely largely on labyrinthine written and codified laws, and modern systems rely on oral rhetoric.
Modern legal systems utilize recent advances in technology, and primitive legal systems must do without such amenities.
Modern legal systems better ensure the rights of citizens, and primitive systems function on superstition and disbelief.
Primitive legal systems are oral and consist of customs and beliefs, and modern systems are written and largely codified.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 4) What is the U.S. Supreme Court ruling regarding state obligation to international treaties?
States maintain the right to select which treaties they will observe.
States have no obligation to observe international treaties.
States must observe international treaties ratified by the United States.
States must observe international treaties ratified by state legislatures.
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 4) Who nominates and approves federal judges in the U.S. court system?
The president and the Senate
The Senate and the House
The President and speaker of the House
The Senate and the secretary of state
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 4) Describe the significance of Marbury v. Madison.
The ruling laid precedent for judicial review.
The ruling stated that the president is subject to the court’s decisions.
The ruling decreed that current administrations must honor the appointments of previous administrations.
The ruling claimed that federal taxes could not be levied on the states.
POLI330 Week 6 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
(TCO 7) Radicals use the term “political economy” instead of _____ to describe their critique of capitalism and the inequitable distribution of wealth among nations.
(TCO 7) Early 20th-century European governments subscribed to _____ doctrines, generally keeping their hands away from the economy.
(TCO 7) President Jimmy Carter attempted to stimulate the economy, but this made inflation worse. This led him to _____.
lose the 1980 election
slash prices of corn and soybeans
subsidize major oil companies
increase the national deficit
(TCO 7) What event is largely considered responsible for deterring Johnson’s War on Poverty?
(TCO 7) Analyze recent changes to the Food Stamp program.
The distribution of cash grants allows the program to be easily misused.
The updated debit card system makes the program more difficult to misuse.
Many recipients sell Food Stamps for 50 cents on the dollar in order to purchase drugs and alcohol.
The program allocates surplus government dairy to the poor, ameliorating milk and cheese inflation.
(TCO 7) Medical costs consume nearly _____% of the U.S. gross domestic product, most of it paid through government and private health insurance.
(TCO 7) According to political scientist Ira Sharkansky, “All modern states are welfare states, and all welfare states are _____.”
(TCO 7) How might Americans’ reluctance toward entitlement programs benefit them in the long run?
Citizens will pay lower taxes, stimulating the economy via “trickle-down” economics.
Entitlement programs are complex and inefficient; our government will save time and money by proceeding with caution.
Americans can justify raising the debt ceiling through entitlement programs, so long as they are wary of the choices they make.
Government subsidies to businesses, rather than spending on welfare programs, will help the United States generate revenue and reduce overall spending.
(TCO 7) What was the poverty line in 2012?
(TCO 7) Theoretically, what are the consequences if the government assumes the burden of bad loans?
Citizens will default on their mortgages.
Banks will learn from their mistakes and pay back the burden with interest.
Ultimately, the government will profit.
Firms will be encouraged to continue their risky behavior.
POLI330 Week 7 Quiz (All Correct answers) Latest 2018 May
3 / 3 pts
(TCO 9) Rarely the work of small bands and conspirators alone, _____ are usually the result of system collapse, which permits small but well-organized groups (often military) to take over.
erosions of legitimacy
acts of genocide
(TCO 9) What is the relationship between a high sense of government legitimacy among the people and police officers when legitimacy is high?
Spending on policing is low.
There are fewer police interfering in civilian life.
Fewer police are needed.
The police must use a particularly heavy hand.
(TCO 9) What is likely to happen if the people are unhappy and there is no organization to focus their discontent?
They will almost assuredly turn to violence.
Not much will happen.
The people will organize themselves regardless.
They will eventually find other means of achieving contentedness.
(TCO 9) What about U.S. agencies such as the Department of Homeland Security, the FBI, and the CIA make them so ill-prepared to fight terrorism?
They have extremely different missions when it comes to terrorism.
They are poorly funded.
They have a great deal of red tape to get through in order to be able to communicate.
They are often unwilling to communicate with each other.
(TCO 9) According to Hannah Arendt, the American struggle was indeed a revolution, perhaps history’s only complete revolution, _____.
because it alone ended with a democratic institutions.
because it became an example for other nations.
because it managed to rout what was then the great world power.
because it alone ended with a new foundation of liberty instead of the tyranny that came after other revolutions.
(TCO 8) In theory, what is the role of foreign powers in relation to sovereign states?
Foreign nations maintain satellite rule.
Foreign powers “keep their fingers” in the sovereign’s politics.
Foreign states have no business intruding on sovereign affairs.
Foreign powers provide financial aid in times of crisis.
(TCO 8) The _____ keeps world trade open by cutting tariffs and other barriers, creating freer trade and settling disputes.
North American Free Trade Agreement
International Monetary Fund
World Trade Organization
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
(TCO 8) _____ theory argues that leaders often misinterpret another nation’s actions as hostile and threatening, and consider their own actions to be merely defensive.
(TCO 8) The United Nations’ predecessor, the _____, tried collective security to ensure peace.
Fourteen Points of Peace
Court of International Justice
League of Nations
(TCO 8) Evaluate the changing role of sovereignty in today’s international relations.
International relations have reinforced the notion of sovereignty.
Sovereignty is dwindling in the face of international law.
Weaker nations are losing sovereignty to larger, more powerful ones.
United States sovereignty has weakened due to the threat of terrorism.