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Below and attached are the complete instructions to follow. Please see attached documents.

INSTRUCTIONS:

-Follow the Dissertation Template included.

1. ONLY work on Chapter 3. Change Table of contents if page number changes.
2. Please complete the following sections in Chapter 3

• Research Methods and Design

• Population and Sample

• Instruments

3. You must follow the attached NCU DP_DM Template. Please do not deviate or change
the headers or content. You need to address all the checklist items.

4. Each section builds upon one another. You need to complete the listed sections in order
before I review the other sections.

5. I recommend that you visit the NCU Dissertation website to review approved NCU
dissertations. This will provide helpful resources to guide you as you write your

dissertation.

6. Please follow APA Guidelines, 7th edition.

1. Visit the NCU Dissertation to review approved dissertations to serve as examples and
gain a better understanding of what is expected.

https://www.proquest.com/pqdtlocal1006252/advanced?accountid=28180

2. Visit the NCU Dissertation Center to review helpful tips in writing Chapter 3
https://library.ncu.edu/friendly.php?s=dissertationcenter/home

3. Visit the NCU Academic Success for writing tips and NCU Library to conduct additional
research.

4. Please focus on the Research Methodology and Design section.

Please do not include your personal opinions and interpretations in your dissertation. You will need to

continue to conduct research and avoid overuse of the same authors. Please visit the NCU Library, NCU

Dissertation Center and academic database search engines.

Please submit a “clean” version without highlighted text, track changes and balloon comments. it should

be a paper ready for submission as an assignment without comments or tracks.

Thank you

Dissertation Chapter 1: Introduction

• Introduction (no subheading)

• Statement of the Problem

• Purpose of the Study

• Research Questions

• Hypotheses (quantitative/mixed methods only)

• Theoretical/Conceptual Framework (brief, fully expanded in Ch. 2)

• Nature of the Study

• Significance of the Study

• Definition of Key Terms

• Summary

Introduction (overview)

• Introduces the topic

• Briefly describes the main ideas, concepts, and context of the study

• Remain objectively focused rather than subjectively advocating for some
identified action, change, or outcome to result

• Describes the high level components of the Chapter

• Includes journal article evidence to support all assertions

?Ensure your research topic is related to your program and degree of pursuit

Introduction (components)

• Describes why the topic is of research interest

• Describes the facts and relevant context about the topic in more detail

• Describes what has been researched in the identified topic area

• Describes why this is research worthy topic (importance)

• Provides the literature to frame and establish the basis and context for the
study’s eventual problem (but do not include the actual problem)

• Sufficient in length to provide a clear understanding of the identified topic

• Creates a gradual high level and than narrow understanding of an identified topic
to an actual area of research

• Includes journal article evidence to support all assertions

Problem Statement, Purpose Statement,
Research Question(s), Hypotheses

• Challenging to develop

• Extremely important for the proper foundational development of your eventual
dissertation research

• Should all clearly align in both content and in wording (examples later)

• Remain objectively focused rather than subjectively advocating for some
identified action, change, or outcome to result

• Generalize location (study may have been conducted in another area with
different outcomes)

• Closely follow the dissertation template

• Includes journal article evidence to support all assertions

Statement of the Problem

• Approximately 250-300 words

• Begin by introducing the background of the problem followed by documented
synthesized evidence of the importance and need for your identified problem to
be further researched

• Discuss the related evidence moving from the larger to the smaller context

• Remains focused on the problem to be addressed in your study rather than on a
purpose, intent, goal of the research, or on a research question

• Includes a culminating problem statement sentence or “The problem is…” to
clearly convey your research problem

• Includes verifiable evidence the problem exists

Purpose of the Study

• Needs to be a concise discussion (paragraph) remained focused on the purpose
of your study rather than on a problem or a research question

• Begin your purpose statement with “The purpose of this qualitative or
quantitative study is to…”

• Follow with a clear and concise discussion explaining both the intent and
rationale of your dissertation research as aligned with your research problem

• Near the end, provide a brief overview of your study’s methodology and
corresponding design

• End with possible implications for the potential results

Research Question(s)

• The research question section should begin with a brief reiteration of your problem and
purpose statements

• The research question section should then lead into a discussion about and then a
presentation of your actual research questions

• Q1.

• Q2.

• etc.

• A research question:

• narrows the purpose of the research into a specific question

• does not elicit a yes/no response from the research

• single (not compound) question

• is aligned with the problem and purpose statements in content and wording

• Includes general location and population

Hypotheses (Quantitative Methods only)

• Used to predict outcomes of a study

• A null and alternative hypothesis should be developed for each presented
research question

• A null hypothesis predicts a non-significant effect, relationship, or difference will
exist

• A non-directional hypothesis predicts a significant effect, relationship, or
difference will exist but does not specify a particular direction

• A directional alternative hypothesis predicts a significant effect, relationship, or
difference will exist in a particular direction

• Inferential statistics are employed to determine statistical significance, or
whether to reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis, or
fail to reject the null hypothesis

Problem Statement, Purpose Statement,
Research Question(s), Hypotheses Examples

Qualitative Research Topic: Understanding teachers’ use of students’ hand-held technology for
learning in school

Research Title: Teachers’ Perceptions of Students’ Use of Hand-Held Technology for Learning in
School

Problem Statement Sentence: The problem is teachers are often reluctant and underprepared to
incorporate students’ desire to use hand-held technology for learning in school.

Purpose Statement Sentence: The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological case study is to
understand teachers’ perceptions of students’ use of hand-held technology for learning in school.

Research Question: What are teachers’ perceptions of students’ use of hand-held technology for
learning in school?

NOTE HOW ALL SECTIONS ARE ALIGNED IN CONTENT AND WORDING

Problem Statement, Purpose Statement,
Research Question(s), Hypotheses Examples
Quantitative Research Topic: Determining an effect of a Reading Intervention Program on At-Risk High School
Students’ Reading Achievement

Research Title: The Effect of a Reading Intervention Program on At-Risk High School Students’ Reading
Achievement

Problem Statement Sentence: The problem is at-risk high school students who underachieve in reading often
do not graduate from high school.

Purpose Statement Sentence: The purpose of this quantitative quasi-experimental group comparison study is
to determine the effect of a reading intervention program on at-risk high school students’ reading
achievement.

Research Question: What is the effect of a reading intervention program on at-risk high school students’
reading achievement?

Null Hypothesis: A reading intervention program will have a non-significant effect on at-risk high school
students’ reading achievement.

Alternative Hypothesis: A reading intervention program will significantly increase at-risk high school students’
reading achievement.

NOTE HOW ALL SECTIONS ARE ALIGNED IN CONTENT AND WORDING

Poll: Assess Your Understanding

Which one of the following portrays the most accurate representation of a problem statement
sentence:
A. This study will prove adult online doctoral students who receive a nutritious meal before learning
will perform better in school.
B. The purpose of this study is to identify valuable features of a new online learning platform for adult
online doctoral students.
C. Adult online doctoral students who receive individual and small group therapy concerning stress
management will report less anxiety when completing their degree.
D. The problem is adult online doctoral students often need additional individual support from their
instructors to be successful.
E. The problem is adult online doctoral learners often experience difficulty understanding essential
research methodology concepts as well as demonstrating appropriate academic writing, causing
anxiety, fear, and a barrier for degree completion.

Poll: Assess Your Understanding

Which one of the following portrays the most accurate representation of a purpose statement
sentence:
A. This study will prove adult online doctoral students who receive a nutritious meal before
learning will perform better in school.
B. The purpose of this study is to identify valuable features of a new online learning platform for
adult online doctoral students.
C. Adult online doctoral students who receive individual and small group therapy concerning
stress management will report less anxiety when completing their degree.
D. The problem is adult online doctoral students often need additional individual support from
their instructors to be successful.
E. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory study is to investigate the perceptions of adult
online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support their understanding of essential
research methodology concepts and academic writing.

Poll: Assess Your Understanding

E. The problem is adult online doctoral learners often experience difficulty
understanding essential research methodology concepts as well as demonstrating
appropriate academic writing, causing anxiety, fear, and a barrier for degree
completion.

E. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory study is to investigate the perceptions
of adult online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support their
understanding of essential research methodology concepts and appropriate
academic writing.

Poll: Assess Your Understanding

Which one of the following portrays the most accurate representation of a related research
question:

A. What strategies are proven to better support online doctoral students’ understanding of essential research
methodology concepts and appropriate academic writing?

B. What are the attitudes and perceptions of online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support
their understanding of essential research methodology concepts and appropriate academic writing?

C. What are the perceptions of online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support their
understanding of essential research methodology designs and appropriate academic writing?

D. What are the perceptions of online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support their
understanding of essential research methodology designs and appropriate academic writing important for
dissertation completion?

E. What are the perceptions of adult online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support their
understanding of essential research methodology concepts and appropriate academic writing?

Poll: Assess Your Understanding

E. The problem is adult online doctoral learners often experience difficulty
understanding essential research methodology concepts as well as demonstrating
appropriate academic writing, causing anxiety, fear, and a barrier for degree
completion.

E. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory study is to investigate the perceptions
of adult online doctoral students regarding strategies to better support their
understanding of essential research methodology concepts and appropriate
academic writing.

E. What are the perceptions of adult online doctoral students regarding strategies
to better support their understanding of essential research methodology concepts
and appropriate academic writing?

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

What is a theoretical framework?

• “Refers to the theory that a researcher chooses to guide him/her in his/her
research. Thus, a theoretical framework is the application of a theory, or a set of
concepts drawn from one and the same theory, to offer an explanation of an
event, or shed some light on a particular phenomenon or research problem”
(Imenda, 2014, p. 189)

• Sometimes one theory is insufficient to appropriately guide the research,
requiring the employment of additional related and supportive theories

• A theoretical framework provides the theory or set of related theories supporting
the basis or foundation of a study, typically employed within a PhD dissertation

• Creates and organizes a theoretical model of how one theorizes or makes logical
sense of the relationships among various variables, ideas, perceptions, and
philosophies identified as important for researching a particular problem or issue

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

• For example, the constructivist theory of learning could be used as the theoretical
framework to establish and support the need for, foundation, and parameters of
a study involving inquiry-based learning

• The constructivist theory stipulates for individuals to be motivated to learn, they
need to realize personal interest and meaning in the learning process

• The constructivist theory would clearly define and shape a study involving an
understanding of inquiry-based learning as an effective instructional approach

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

Where do I start? Consider these three considerations to formulate a theoretical framework:

Discipline/Field of Study

• What is your degree program?

• What is your area of specialization?

• PhD or applied doctorate?

• What is your research focus?

Theory(ies)

• What are relevant theories aligned with your discipline?

• Which theory(ies) resonated with you in course work?

• What theory(ies) have past researchers used?

Researcher(s)

• Who was/were the original researcher(s)?

• Who adapted the theory(ies) to your discipline?

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

What is a conceptual framework?

• “an end result of bringing together a number of related concepts to explain or
predict a given event, or give a broader understanding of the phenomenon of
interest – or simply, of a research problem. The process of arriving at a
conceptual framework…whereby small individual pieces (in this case, concepts)
are joined together to tell a bigger map of possible relationships. Thus, a
conceptual framework is derived from concepts, in-so-far as a theoretical
framework is derived from a theory” (Imenda, 2014, p. 189)

• A conceptual framework provides the concept or set of related concepts
supporting the basis or foundation of a study, typically employed within an EdD
or DBA dissertation

• Creates a conceptual model for possible strategies or courses of action identified
as important for researching a particular problem or issue

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

• For example, the concept of branding could be used as the conceptual framework
to establish a possible strategy or course of action to support the need for,
foundation, and parameters of a study involving business marketing

• The concept of branding is a marketing practice of developing a unique name or
symbol identifying and differentiating a product or service from other
competitors

• The concept of branding would clearly define and shape a study involving an
understanding of business marketing as an effective advertising approach

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

Where do I start? Consider these three considerations to formulate a conceptual framework:

Discipline/Field of Study

• What is your degree program?

• What is your area of specialization?

• PhD or applied doctorate?

• What is your research focus?

Concept(s)

• What are relevant concepts aligned with your discipline?

• Which concept(s) resonated with you in course work?

• What concepts (s) have past researchers used?

Researcher(s)

• Who was/were the original researcher(s)?

• Who adapted the concept(s) to your discipline?

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

A Concept or Set of

Related Concepts

A Theory or Set of

Related Theories

Theoretical
Framework Conceptual

Framework

Theoretical/Conceptual Frameworks

• Theoretical and conceptual frameworks provide an argument defending why the
research topic is important to study, or why the study matters, and why the
methodology proposed to study it is rigorous and accurate

• Theoretical and conceptual frameworks establish the lens or filter of how the
study will be viewed as well as develops the parameters to keep the study
focused within an intended direction

• Theoretical and conceptual frameworks are briefly noted in Chapter 1, with a
more detailed description provided in Chapter 2

Nature of the Study

• Provides an overview of the research methodology (i.e., qualitative or
quantitative) and design

• Involves a brief description of applicable factors, concepts, and/or variables

• Describes how the proposed research approach will accurately address the
study’s purpose and research question(s)

• Indicates how data will be collected and analyzed

• A brief defense, including appropriate reference citations, should also be added
to provide a logical rationale for the chosen research methodology and
corresponding design to accurately address the study’s purpose and research
question(s)

• Population, sample, size, method, data collection instruments, procedures, and
analysis

Significance of the Study

• Provides an indication of the overall importance of why the proposed research is
needed to be conducted

• A more detailed explanation should then be included to convey the possible
benefits of researching the study’s purpose and research question(s)

• Include how the research will contribute to the betterment of humankind as well
as to the particular field of study

• A brief defense, including appropriate reference citations, should also be added
to provide a logical rationale for the importance of conducting the proposed
study

Definition of Terms

• Defines unusual, unique, or not widely understood terms used in the study to
ensure readers’ understanding and to prevent their misunderstandings,
reinforcing their accurate reactions to the results (e.g., acronyms)

• Definitions should be full sentences with APA formatted citations

Summary

• Summarize major points without providing new information

• Logically lead into the next chapter

12


Dissertation Proposal and Dissertation Manuscript




Template and Guide

This cover page and template instructional content should be removed before drafting chapters. Keep the template instructions in a separate location for ongoing reference as you develop chapter content within the manuscript format.

Instructions for how to use this template and guide:

· Type directly into the template at “Begin writing here…” or “Text…”. Doing so should help to ensure the document is properly formatted.

· Use reminders in the comments relating to formatting as well as helpful tips for guidance purposes. Additionally, in each main section, use the checklist relating to content so you know what to include before you begin to organize your thoughts. Refer to the checklist continuously as you develop each section. As you self-evaluate each section, you can actually check off each box by clicking on it to ensure you have met all the requirements. Please note these lists are resources and not meant to be exhaustive, as it is impossible to cover the details of every method and design.

· The length of a section can vary, unless a guideline is provided.

· Once you have developed each section, refer to the comments and checklists one last time to be sure the section matches them as discussed with your Chair, then delete them.

· To delete a comment, right click on the comment, then select “Delete Comment.”. For additional strategies and guidance, click here.

Version: October 2020

© Northcentral University, 2020
Comment by Northcentral University: Ensure every section in the document meets the following requirements:

? Use 12-point and Times New Roman font.

? Write in the future tense when referencing the proposed study in the dissertation proposal. Write in the past tense when referencing the completed study in the dissertation manuscript.

? Use economy of expression to present information as succinctly as possible without oversimplifying or losing the meaning.

? Avoid personal opinions and claims.

? Support all claims in the document with recent, scholarly, peer-reviewed sources published within 5 years of when the dissertation will be completed, unless they are seminal sources or no other literature exists. For additional information and guidance relating to scholarly and peer-reviewed sources, click here.

? Avoid anthropomorphism (i.e., giving human qualities to inanimate objects) such as “The article claims…”, “The study found…,”, or “The research explored…”.

? Clearly and precisely define key words upon their first use only.

Title of the Dissertation Comment by Northcentral University: With the exception of articles and prepositions, the first letter of each word should be capitalized. The title should be two single spaces (one double space) from the top of the page. In 10-15 words, it should indicate the contents of the study. The title should be bold.

The title page should include no page number, so please recheck pagination once the template cover page has been removed.

Dissertation XXX Comment by Northcentral University: Insert either “Proposal” or “Manuscript.”.

Submitted to Northcentral University

School of XXX Comment by Northcentral University: Indicate your school name here. Do not include the specialization.

in Partial Fulfillment of the

Requirements for the Degree of

DOCTOR OF XXX Comment by Northcentral University: Insert your degree program in all capital letters (e.g., DOCTOR OF EDUCATION, DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY, DOCTOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION).

by

NAME Comment by Northcentral University: Insert your name in all capital letters (i.e., FIRST MIDDLE LAST).

La Jolla, California

Month Year Comment by Northcentral University: Insert the current month and year. There should be no comma separating them.

Abstract Comment by Northcentral University: The abstract should be included in the dissertation manuscript only. It should not be included in the dissertation proposal.

The word Abstract should be centered, bolded, and begin on its own page.

Begin writing here… Comment by Northcentral University: The text should be left-justified (not indented) and double-spaced with no breaks.

Checklist:

? Briefly introduce the study topic, state the research problem, and describe who or what is impacted by this problem.

? Clearly articulate the study purpose and guiding theoretical or conceptual framework of the study.

? Provide details about the research methodology, participants, questions, design, procedures, and analysis.

? Clearly present the results in relation to the research questions.

? State the conclusions to include both the potential implications of the results on and the recommendations for future research and practice.

? Do not include citations and abbreviations or acronyms, except those noted as exceptions by the American Psychological Association (APA).

? Do not exceed 350 words. Strive for one page.

Acknowledgements Comment by Northcentral University: You may include an optional acknowledgements page in normal paragraph format in the dissertation manuscript. Do not include such a page in the dissertation proposal.

The word Acknowledgements should be centered, bolded, and begin on its own page.

Begin writing here…





Table of Contents Comment by Northcentral University: Use the Table of Contents feature in Word. For additional information on creating a table of contents, click here.

For information on updating the table of contents, click here, and for video resources from the Academic Success Center on formatting the table of contents, click here.

Do not manually add headings into the Table of Contents. The headings in the table of contents are populated from the Styles gallery using the APA Level 1 and Heading 2 styles.

Only include APA heading levels 1 and 2 in the table of contents. Use the Heading 2 style from the Styles gallery to add level two headings in the document. Update the table of contents to reflect any new level 2 headings added to document.
Comment by Northcentral University: For Academic Success Center resources on formatting the table of contents, click here. For assistance, use the videos in the Tables and Headers tab and handouts in the Format tab. Comment by Northcentral University: Ensure the headings in the table of contents match those in the document. Please note the place holders are included in this table of contents:

“XXX” under Chapter 2 must be replaced with the themes generated from the integrative critical review of the literature.

If your study is qualitative, “Operational Definitions of Variables” under Chapter 3 must be deleted.

“XXX” under Chapter 4 must be replaced with “Trustworthiness” for a qualitative study, “Validity and Reliability” for a quantitative study, and “Trustworthiness/Validity and Reliability” for a mixed methods study.

The number of research questions listed under Chapter 4 must align with the number of research questions in your study.

Under Appendices, each “XXX” must be replaced with the titles of the appendix.



Chapter 1: Introduction





1



Statement of the Problem





2



Purpose of the Study





2



Introduction to Theoretical or Conceptual Framework





3



Introduction to Research Methodology and Design





4



Research Questions





4



Hypotheses








4



Significance of the Study





5



Definitions of Key Terms





6



Summary





6



Chapter 2: Literature Review





7



Theoretical or Conceptual Framework





7



Subtopic






8



Summary





8



Chapter 3: Research Method





10



Research Methodology and Design





10



Population and Sample





10



Materials or Instrumentation





11



Operational Definitions of Variables





12



Study Procedures





13



Data Analysis





13



Assumptions





14



Limitations





14



Delimitations





14



Ethical Assurances





15



Summary





15



Chapter 4: Findings