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An important role of nursing is to provide health promotion and disease prevention. Review the topics and related objectives provided on the Healthy People 2030 website. Choose a topic of interest that you would like to address, in conjunction with a population at-risk for the associated topic. Submit the topic and associated group to your instructor for approval.

Create a 15-20 slide PowerPoint presentation for your topic and focus group. Include speaker notes and citations for each slide, and create a slide at the end for References.

Address the following:

1. Describe the approved topic and associated population your group has selected. Discuss how this topic adversely affects the population. How does health disparity affect this population?

2. Explain evidence-based approaches that can optimize health for this population. How do these approaches minimize health disparity among affected populations?

3. Outline a proposal for health education that can be used in a family-centered health promotion to address the issue for the target population. Ensure your proposal is based on evidence-based practice.

4. Present a general profile of at least one health-related organization for the selected focus topic. Present two resources, national or local, for the proposed education plan that can be utilized by the provider or the patient.

5. Identify interdisciplinary health professionals important to include in the health promotion. What is their role? Why is their involvement significant?

Please questions 1,2 and 5 are the Mental Health and Adolescent PPT 1-2-5. They are already put together. Please I need to link PPT3 and PPT4. Thanks

Question 3 is Power point for Mental Health and Adolescent PPT33

Question 4 is Power point for Mental Health and Adolescent PPT 4

Mental Health in Adolescents

Hello Everyone, our topic we will be presenting on is Mental Health in Adolescents.

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OBJECTIVES

How are adolescents affected by mental health disparities

Identify evidence-based approaches to optimize mental health in adolescents

Discuss an outline for health education to promote mental health in adolescents

Provide a profile of a health-related organization that focuses on mental health in adolescents

Identify interdisciplinary professionals included in mental health promotion

The objectives of this presentation will be to

Describe how adolescents are affected by mental health disparities

Identify evidence-based approaches to optimize mental health in adolescents

Discuss an outline for health education to promote mental health in adolescents

Provide a profile of a health-related organization that focuses on mental health in adolescents

Identify interdisciplinary professionals included in mental health promotion

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What is Mental Health?

Emotional, psychological and social wellbeing

Effects our thoughts, feelings, and actions

Affected by biological factors, life experiences, and family history

American Psychology Association, 2015

MentalHealth.gov, 2020

Mental Health is defined as the emotional, psychological, and social well-being of a person (Mentalhealth.gov, 2020). Whether or not we have good or bad mental health will affect the way we think, feel, and act on a daily basis. It will affect anything from our relationships with others, to our performance at school or work, to our ability to cope with stress.

Our mental health is affected by many factors. These can include biological factors, previous life experiences, and family history of mental health.

Signs and Symptoms can include dietary changes, reduction in typical activities, decrease in energy, feelings of worthlessness or helplessness, unexplained pain, increase use in drugs and/or alcohol, unusual outbursts, severe mood swings, thoughts of harming self or others, and inability to perform daily tasks.

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Mental Health and Adolescents

1 in 3 high school students report persistent sadness or hopelessness in 2019

1 in 6 youth report making a suicide plan

3 out of 4 persons showed signs before age 24

Risk factors depend on the individual, family life, and school

Healthy People 2030 Goals

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020

MentalHealth.gov, 2020

Youth.gov, 2009

Healthy People 2030, 2020

Mental Health concerns in adolescents have been on the rise in the recent decades. The CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Report states that 1 in 3 high school students reported persistent sadness or hopelessness in 2019. This was an increase of 40% compared to 2009. It was also found that 1 in 6 youth reported making a suicide plan within the last year, which was a 44% increase since 2009.

Moreover, 3 out of 4 of those who have been diagnosed with a mental health condition reported having symptoms before the age of 24. This poses a large question, why were these issues identified in their adolescent years before the diagnosis progressed to something more severe? In order to understand how to help, we must know the risk factors that effect our youth.

Risk Factors include female gender, early puberty, low self-esteem, poor social skills, drug use, parental history of mental health issues, negative family environment, child abuse, marital conflict or divorce, parental unemployment, peer rejection or bullying, poor academic grades, urban settings, poverty, and loss of friendships.

We can combat these risk factors by providing positive physical development, building self-esteem, providing positive engaging connections through sports, arts, or religion/culture, providing structure within the family, creating supportive family relationships, setting clear expectations and boundaries, providing mentoring in schools, and promoting opportunities for educational success.

Healthy People 2030 have laid out the following goals for adolescents in mental health:

Reduce suicide attempts in adolescents (currently at 8.9% with a goal of 1.8%)

Increase the proportion of adolescents with depression who get treatment (currently at 41.4% with a goal of 46.4%)

Increase the proportion of primary care visits where adolescents and adults are screened for depression (currently at 8.5% with a goal of 13.5%)

Increase the proportion of children and adolescents with symptoms of trauma who get treatment (unknown data)

Increase the number of children and adolescents with serious emotional disturbance who get treatment (unknown data)

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Evidence Based Approaches

Screening Tools to identify mental health concerns

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Functional Family Therapy

Exposure Therapy

National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments, 2021

MoyoClinic.org, 2022

Screening Tools:

Systematic Screening for Behavior Disorders – explores externalizing and internalizing behavior in ages 3-15.

BASC-3 Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS) – Explores behavioral and emotional strengths and weaknesses in ages 3-18.

Social, Academic, and Emotional Behavior Risk Screener (SAEBRS) – Explores social, academic, and emotional behavior of students, including protective and risk factors for ages 5-18.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a type of psychotherapy that allows a patient to talk through their feelings with a psychologist to understand their negative thoughts and how to react in a more effective way. This type of therapy has proven to work well in patients with PTSD, depression, and even eating disorders. If used in the adolescent population this therapy could help teens recognize the situations that are leading to their poor mental health conditions and develop strategies to combat this in the future. This will decrease their negative reactions and in turn improve their mental health.

Functional Family Therapy is another type of psychotherapy that helps the family improve communication and resolution tactics when it comes to conflict. Family therapy helps improve relationships within the family creating increase in family support, which we know increases a patient’s ability to achieve their goals and boosts mental health. Since family has a major impact on adolescent lives, ensuring that good family support, communication, and conflict resolution is key to improving an adolescent’s outcome for diseases such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders.

Exposure therapy is treatment that encourages confrontation of feared stimuli and is commonly used in patients with PTSD or OCD. This treatment aims to allow the patient to recognize the situations that are causing their negative thoughts, either feel as though it is currently happening to them or actually be exposed to the situation and use technics learned to address these situations appropriately. When used in adolescents this type of therapy can give them the tools needed to address concerning situations that are affecting their mental health and learn how to effectively work through them. This will decrease the negative thoughts or feelings and increase their mental health.

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Interdisciplinary Health Professionals

Mental health is a serious and pressing dilemma in the health care profession.

A multitude of adolescents succumbing to mental disorders daily vary based on factors affecting their lives.

Adolescents who are homeless and are underprivileged are often hurtled.

Health care professionals provide assistance in the control and modulation of the psychiatric problems.

Mental health is a serious and pressing dilemma in the health care profession. The multitude of individuals succumbing to mental disorders day by day varies depending on numerous factors that affect their daily lives. Individuals who are homeless and are underprivileged are often hurtled in between the tracks of mental health problems and are often the center of various issues in the community (Adolescents, 2020). Health care professionals provide assistance in the control and modulation of the psychiatric problem that often affects the population.

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Interdisciplinary Health Professionals to Include in the Health Promotion

They include;

Community mental health nurse (CMHN)

Counselor

Psychiatrist

Social workers

Nutritionist

Adolescents have their psychologists who are then mandated with the duty to help the young people through and with such mental complications, (Bushong, 2020). The Interdisciplinary Health Professionals that help in adolescent mental health promotion include;

Community mental health nurse (CMHN)

Counselor

Psychiatrist

Social workers

Nutritionist

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What is their Role?

Community mental health nurse (CMHN) who id patients and their families in combating the stigma associated with mental illness.

Counselor – advise patients on the right ways.

Psychiatrist – assesses both the mental and physical aspects of psychological issues.

Social workers – Social workers have unique experience to support people or communities with the development of knowledge and problem solving.

Nutritionist – advise patients on diets.

Community mental health nurse (CMHN) who id patients and their families in combating the stigma associated with mental illness.

Counselor – advise patients on the right ways to spend time with family and friends to improve mental wellbeing as such relationships boost their mood.

Psychiatrist – assesses both the mental and physical aspects of psychological issues. Of the many ways to help the teens, psychiatrists can teach them the importance of plenty and good sleep.

Social workers – Social workers have unique experience to support people or communities with the development of knowledge and problem solving as they have experience dealing with such issues (Fox & Videmšek, 2019).

Nutritionist – advise patients on diets.

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Why is their Involvement Significant?

CMHNs are significant in the as they render advice and arrange support for patients.

Counselors they focus on specific issues and are aim at helping adolescents address certain mental problems.

Psychiatrists diagnose and treat adolescents with mental illness.

Social Workers are significant as the Family Health Team have experience dealing with depression, anxiety, stress, bereavement and disease adaptation issues.

Nutritionists assist you in learning and applying the concepts of healthy eating.

CMHNs are significant in the promotion of mental health as they render advice and arrange support for patients, relatives, and caregivers as patients undergo their daily stresses. Moreover, CMHNs also assess treatment success at case conferences and meetings and prepare and update patient records to regularly monitor treatment and intervention outcomes.

Counselors they focus on specific issues and are aim at helping adolescents address certain mental problems.

Psychiatrists diagnose and treat adolescents with mental illness as most mental health disorders first manifest in adolescence and early treatment may impact the course of the disease (Cuddy et al., 2020).

Social Workers are significant as the Family Health Team have experience dealing with depression, anxiety, stress, bereavement and disease adaptation issues.

Nutritionists assist adolescents in learning and applying the concepts of healthy eating over the whole life cycle, their specific body of knowledge and experience. Eating a healthy diet affects both the physical and mental well-being of teens (Hosker et al., 2019). Diets with a lot of fats and sugar have behavioral and emotional problems for the young generation.

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ANY QUESTIONS?

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REVIEW

Rising concern for Adolescents in Mental Health

Evidence Based Approaches

Adolescents struggling with mental health complications can be helped recover from such.

The various Interdisciplinary Health Professionals aim at combating the stigma associated with mental illness.

They give solutions and access the problems in their counseling and their treatment methods in the psychology clinics of the treatments.

Mental Health has become an increasing issue for adolescents today. There has been a 40% increase in high school students reporting persistent sadness or hopelessness, and a 44% increase in those reporting having made a suicide plan in the last year.

Evidence Based Approaches include multiple screening options to identify early on in adolescents’ potential mental health concerns so that they may be addressed professionally before progression is too advanced. These tools include the Systemic Screening for Behavior Disorders, BASC-3 Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS), and the Social, Academic, and Emotional Behavior Risk Screener (SAEBRS). Then followed by the types of therapy that can assist adolescents after identification of a mental health concern. Although all different, these therapies all aim to achieve the common goal of improved ability to recognize a problem and providing tools to overcome these concerns on a daily basis. These therapies include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Functional Family Therapy, and Exposure Therapy.

Adolescents struggling with mental health complications can be helped recover from such. The various Interdisciplinary Health Professionals aim at combating the stigma associated with mental illness. They give solutions and access the problems in their counseling and their treatment methods in the psychology clinics of the treatments.

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REFERENCES

Adolescents. Adolescents – Healthy People 2030. (2020, August 18).

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). (publication). Youth Risk Behavior Survey – Data Summary and Trends Report 2009-2019.

Cuddy, E., & Currie, J. (2020). Treatment of mental illness in American adolescents varies widely within and across areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(39), 24039-24046. https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/117/39/24039.full.pdf

Fox, J., & Videmšek, P. (2019). Exploring the mental health and spiritual recovery of an expert-by-experience: a discussion of the unique contribution social workers can make to support this journey. Ljetopis Socijalnog Rada (Annual of Social Work), 26(2), 235-256. https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704110/5/Fox_2019_2.pdf

Hosker, D. K., Elkins, R. M., & Potter, M. P. (2019). Promoting Mental Health and Wellness in Youth Through Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Sleep. Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America, 28(2), 171–193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2018.11.010

Know the Five Signs. (2015). American Psychological Association.

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2022). Mayo Clinic.

National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments. (2021, April). Mental Health Screening Tools for Grades K–12.

Risk and protective factors for Youth. Risk and Protective Factors for Youth | Youth.gov. (2009).

What is mental health? What Is Mental Health? | MentalHealth.gov. (2020, May 28).

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Mental Health in Adolescents Health Education

Mental Health Literacy
(MHL)

Knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid in their recognition, management, and prevention 

Hi. I will be discussing an outline of a proposal for health education that can be used in family-centered health promotion to address mental health among adolescents. I will be referencing a review by Nobre et al. for this presentation. 

The first thing I would like to discuss is mental health literacy (MHL), which is the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid in their recognition, management, and prevention (Nobre et al., 2021). In other words, mental health literacy means the knowledge and skills needed to promote good mental health. 

The aim of this health education program is to improve mental health literacy among adolescents. 

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Four Components of MHL

There are four components to mental health literacy. 

1. Knowledge on achieving and maintaining good mental health. 

2. Knowledge about mental disorders and their treatments.

3. Reducing stigma associated with mental disorders.

4. Help-seeking. 

I will explore and discuss these four components more in depth on the following slides. 

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1. Knowledge on Achieving/Maintaining Good Mental Health

2. Knowledge about Mental Disorders and Their Treatments

3. Reducing Stigma Associated with Mental Disorders

4. Help-Seeking

Achieving & Maintaining Good Mental Health

One way that we can increase MHL is by teaching adolescents about activities and ways that we can achieve and maintain good mental health. 

There are many ways to achieve and maintain good mental health; here are some examples (2017):

– spend time with friends, loved ones and people you trust

– talk about or express your feelings regularly

– reduce alcohol consumption

– avoid illicit drug use

– keep active and eat well

– develop new skills and challenge your capabilities

– relax and enjoy your hobbies

– set realistic goals

– take time out

– get enough sleep

– meditation 

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Knowledge about Mental Disorders and Their Treatments

Click to add text

Another way we can improve mental health literacy among adolescents is by teaching them about different mental disorders and their risk factors, symptoms, and treatments. This improves MHL because adolescents will be able to recognize the different mental disorders and be aware of the factors that put them more at risk for certain disorders. Educating them on treatment lets them know that there are solutions and that mental health is 100% treatable.

Some of the mental disorders that can be taught include:

Depression 

Schizophrenia 

Bipolar disorder

Borderline personality disorder

ADD and ADHD

Seasonal effective disorder

Anorexia nervosa 

Bulimia nervosa 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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Reducing Stigma Associated with Mental Disorders

The third component of increasing MHL is reducing stigma associated with mental disorders. 

Stigma is defined as “a mark of shame, disgrace or disapproval which results in an individual being rejected, discriminated against, and excluded from participating in a number of different areas of society”. 

Reducing the stigma associated with mental health disorders is important in improving MHL because it normalizes seeking help for mental health issues. Adolescents must understand that mental health problems are common and are not something to be ashamed of. 

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increasing the effectiveness of help seeking 

The last component of improving MHL is increasing the effectiveness of help-seeking.

Adolescents must understand that that they are not alone and that there is accessible help available to them. They must be aware the seeking help is not something to be ashamed of, but is a sign of strength. 

Additionally, adolescents must know when to seek help and who to ask for help. 

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References 

Maintaining Mental Health and Wellbeing. Think Mental Health. (2017, October 21). https://www.thinkmentalhealthwa.com.au/about-mental-health-wellbeing/ways-to-look-after-your-mental-health/maintaining-mental-health-and-wellbeing/ 

Nobre, J., Sequeira, C., & Ferré-Grau, C. (2021). Promotion of Mental Health Literacy in Adolescents: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/eh9yv 

Youth mental health project

Provides events and speakerships that bring the subject of youth mental health to life

Created educational material for communities and hospitals to understand youth mental health more clearly

Parent driven support network which provides parents resources and support for their children who are suffering from mental health

Providing mental health services in schools

Hiring of school-based therapists or social workers to provide access for prevention of early signs of mental health challenges

Studies shown that implementing mental health programs in schools can help students achieve academically and build social skills, self esteem and leadership skills.

Behavioral Health Integration

Behaviorial health integration(BHI) is an approach that improves access tom mental health services for children. This is a partnership between Primary care provider (PCP) and menal health speacialist.

The CDC provided this initiative to train professionals who are involved with mental health including education, social work and Occupation therapy and public health

References

The Youth Mental Health Project. (2021, September 14)., from https://ymhproject.org/

School based mental health. School Based Mental Health | Youth.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2022, from https://youth.gov/youth-topics/youth-mental-health/school-based

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 30). Mental health care, children and Behavioral Health Integration. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/childrensmentalhealth/documents/access-infographic.html