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according Topic Proposal finish outline


Dallas City Hall






One of the buildings that I chose from Leoh Ming’s architect works is the Dallas City building located in Dallas, USA. I have chosen the building due to its unique structure and its intention to serve as the administrative centre for Dallas’ municipal administration. However, the structure slopes at a 34-degree inclination, each of the building’s seven above-grade levels are 9.5-feet wider from the one below it. This sloping façade interacts only with buildings on either side that face downtown and offers shelter from the elements and the Texas sun.

Although the foundation and basement levels are far more extensive than the visible footprint of the building, they are hidden behind the sloping façade and extend well beyond it. Two hundred thirty feet in width, the cantilevered roof spans 200 feet (61 meters), the ground level is 126 feet in width, and the basement is 230 feet. Three cylindrical pillars that seem to prop up the structure were constructed due to the Mayor’s reaction to the apparent upper of the building’s form. In addition to providing cosmetic support, these pillars do not carry the structure’s weight. The design and construction of the structure and the Park Plaza and the garage came to more than $70 million in total.

When designing City Hall, Pei employed cast-in-place concrete structures for the interior and outside of the building and the building and park itself. Each story is approximately nine feet larger than that below it, with the building tilting outward at a 34-degree angle. The symbolic logic and functional logic are both present in the 560-foot-long from. The building has utilized the following principles in the construction: attraction and engagement, visibility, nature and sustainability, public transportation as well as integration.

Wu Ying’s scholarly work focuses on the adaptability of construction materials in exterior building design. To enhance the building’s exterior, adaptation research in the usage of construction materials must be prioritized. This Research examines building materials’ flexibility in external design form to increase current building engineering look, project value, and building field production efficiency. The article will help me understand more about the Dallas City building (Ying, 2018).

The scholarly book by Perez and Perini covers nature-Based Approaches to Urban and Residential Sustainability. Discusses the basic principles of natural components in the building design and the tactics required to incorporate them into buildings and towns. The three parts explore the quantifiable advantages, outcomes, concerns and challenges of integrating nature into our constructed environment (Perez & Perini, 2018).

The scholarly article by (Puspitasari & Kwon, 2020) analyses the skyline and tall buildings’ visibility using a dependable approach. According to the Research, towering building clusters may be studied by looking at all unimpeded views from adjacent streets and their effect on the skyline using Jakarta as an example.

The article by (Abdelhameed & Saputra, 2020) describes how the architectural design incorporates building services. Specifically, the study examines the relevance of building service systems (BSS) and how they should be considered throughout the early architectural design stages. These systems should be included in the building from the early design stages to save money and avoid costly and time-consuming adjustments.


Abdelhameed, W., & Saputra, W. (2020). Integration of building service systems in architectural design. Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 25, 109–122. https://doi.org/10.36680/j.itcon.2020.007

Perez, G., & Perini, K. (2018). Nature-Based Strategies for Urban and Building Sustainability. In Google Books. Butterworth-Heinemann. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=_wIxDwAAQBAJ&dq=nature+and+sustainability+of+a+building&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjrhdKOmZ_2AhVPUxoKHeBJDsUQ6AF6BAgKEAI

Puspitasari, A. W., & Kwon, J. (2020). A reliable method for visibility analysis of tall buildings and skyline: a case study of tall buildings cluster in Jakarta. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/13467581.2020.1787839

Ying, W. (2018). Research on the Adaptability of Building Materials Application in Exterior Exterior Design of Buildings. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 189, 032009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/189/3/032009

The outline of a paper outlines its structure and your
argumentative sequence. It will make your life much easier when
you start writing the final paper. This is how your outline should
roughly look like:

-Thesis Sentence/ Main Argument

-First Topic Sentence: 

1. Visual Evidence

2. Textual Evidence

3. Interpretive Sentence

-Second Topic Sentence

1. Visual Evidence

2. Textual Evidence

3. Interpretive Sentence

-Third Topic Sentence

1. Visual Evidence

2. Textual Evidence

3. Interpretive Sentence

-Conclusive Statement

Thesis Statement:

Your master-claim, this statement should answer the question in
the prompt.

It should appear at the end of your first introductory paragraph.

Topic Sentences:

Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence, or sub-
claim, that indicates how the features in that paragraph support
the argument of your thesis.

This does not override the general-to specific structure we
discussed, rather it builds on it as an additional criteria.

Evidence (Analytic Descriptions or Textual Evidence):

Within the paragraph, provide evidence to support the sub-claim
of the topic sentence. This is where your analytic observations
come in.

Interpretive Sentences:

These should immediately proceed or follow your analytic
descriptions. The function of these sentences is to relate your
evidence back to the claim of the paragraph, and the claim of the
paper’s thesis.