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A.         Using Lackoff’s study of anger as a model, investigate the metaphorical representation of fear or depression.

B.         Classify each example as a metaphor or metonymy. provide a short explanation for your answers. 

  1. The dinner cost us twenty      pounds per head.
  2. She is the true angel in      my life.
  3. The White House isn’t      saying anything.

ENG 350: Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics

2nd Semester 2022

Name

Student ID

Course #

ENG 350: Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics

CRN

Branch

Assignment #

Mark

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Answer the following questions:

Answer:

• (Q1) Using Lackoff’s study of anger as a model, investigate the
metaphorical representation in: “The stormy ocean was a
raging bull.” or “The calm lake is a mirror.”
Identify the source domain, the target domain, plus the
ontological and epistemic correspondences. (2 points)

-Ontological correspondences :

Source domain : lake is a mirror

Specular

Glowing

Reflecting a clear image

Shine brightly , especially with reflected light

Target domain : Calm

Restful

Tranquil

Cool

Very deep quietude or composure

-Epistemic correspondences :

-When a mirror is clean it’s become specular .

-The view of the shining calm lake become restful .

– In order for the mirror to be glowing , it shouldn’t be dirty .

-In order for the lake to be tranquil and cool , it must be unpolluted.

-The lake in the evening very deep quietude .

-The mirror in the morning reflect a clear image and shines

brightly, especially with reflected light .

• (Q2) Classify each example as a metaphor or metonymy.

Provide a short explanation for your answers. (3 points)

1- I’m sorry sir, room 323 is not answering.

It’s metonymy because ( answering ) refers to the people or

the guest on this room .

2- July in Santa Teresa is an unsettling affair.

It’s metaphor because ( unsettling affair ) refers to the

weather because temperature on this month increase .

3-The White House denies the allegations .

It’s metonymy because ( The White House ) represents

employees or the official spokespersons .