In your own words…Please answer all portions of each question. You must answer all questions completely/entirely in order to receive credit for this exam. This exam is due in class during our final exam period in December. As with the midterm, please make sure to explain, discuss, outline, situations, and such. My point is, answer the questions in your own words…as asked. Since it will be the end of the semester, please turn this in on time. Thank you
Do not plagiarize. Respond to each question in your own words.
Chapter 11: Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence
1. Based on the in-class puberty lecture prepare a lecture or outline or PowerPoint explaining the brain and endocrine systems involvement in puberty. Explain the internals and the externals as well. What will you tell them and how will you explain the information? Remember that they are just moving from concrete operational thinking into formal operational thought. How will you ask if they have any questions? How will you quiz them on the information that you have presented? What will you do if a few students begin to laugh at the information that you are discussing?
2. What are some of the concerns for those adolescents who engage in early sexual experiences? Are the outcomes different for males and females or are the outcomes the same?
3. Discuss two aspects of adolescent egocentrism as explained by Dr. David Elkind and offer an examples of each.
4. Outline formal operational thought and explain how this new cognitive ability is different from concrete operational thought. Explain how this new cognitive shift may improve critical thinking, hypothetical deductive reasoning, executive functioning, and may assist in college or career preparation. You could use an example like the one that we talked about in class of a child who is in concrete operational thought who just wants to do a food drive for children who are food insecure versus an adolescent who has moved into FOT and thinks beyond the food drive.
5. In class we discussed the need for adolescents to have relationships with healthy appropriate adults. What was the outcome of our discussions and what conclusions did we come to or did you come to think about?
6. Explain in detail the brain changes that occur during adolescence.
7. What, based upon your own experiences and text referencing should be the role that parents play during adolescence? How much will culture dictate how the role is defined? Please use your own experience and the text explanations.
8. Outline the recommendations that you would have to design more effective suicide prevention programs for adolescents. You will need to discuss your recommendations for understanding depression programs for adolescents as well.
Chapter 12: Socioemotional Development in Adolescence
1. Explain the concept of psychosocial moratorium and explain how Erikson would like us to negotiate the stage of identity versus identity diffusion/confusion.
2. Briefly describe the elements identified by James Maria as determining an individual’s identity status for careers.
3. Explain some of the challenges faced by adolescents from under-represented populations as they try to maintain their truth to their populations while fitting in with the dominant represented population.
4. Researchers have found that adolescents’ disclosure to parents about their whereabouts, activities and friends is linked to positive adolescent adjustment. Which style of parenting described in chapter 8 would be most conducive to encouraging voluntary disclosure by adolescents?
5. How can parents support their adolescents as they develop the ability to attain autonomy, gain control over their behavior and make mature decisions?
6. In which situations are adolescents most likely to conform to peers?
7. The discretionary time available to U.S. adolescents is greater than that available to their counterparts in East Asia, Europe and other industrialized countries. Analyze if this additional discretionary time is an asset or a liability for U.S. adolescents.
8. Discuss the special concerns that have emerged about children’s and adolescents’ access to information in the Internet. POPC
9. Discuss how some characteristics of lower SES might promote juvenile delinquency.
Please answer each question in your own words. Do not copy and paste from the text or from any other site. Please make sure to explain, discuss, outline, compare/contrast, and offer examples or situations/contexts, and such in your own words. My point is, answer the questions completely, and as asked and in your own words. You have chapters 11 and 12. This is the remainder of the exam due at 9:55 am in J160, our classroom December 11…double spaced typed please.
Chapter 13: Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
1. What are your thoughts regarding each of the five suggested features for young adulthood by Arnett? Are they applicable to your life? Why or why not?
2. Explain the some of the transitions from high school to college that may or may not occur. What was your own transition like? 5-6 sentences
3. Regarding obesity and exercise, what are some of the exercise, eating and weight challenges that young adults face and explain why, in this stage of development they may be problematic? 5-6 sentences
4. Discuss some of the problems that transitioning young adults may experience with alcohol. What in your opinion are of greatest concerns to you? 5-6 sentences
5. Explain some of the risks that are discussed when engaging in sexual activities with multiple partners. 4-5 sentences
6. Explain some of the gender differences in sexuality. What are your thoughts on the sexual scripts outlined in our text? Do these scripts hold true for 2018? Why or why not? 6-8 sentences
7. Why is it important to understand sexual orientations? 3-4 sentences
8. What is postformal thought like in practice? What life experiences will necessitate the need for postformal operational thought?
9. List and explain some of the research on date rape/acquaintance rape outlined in our text. How could we prevent date rape acquaintance rape? 5-6 sentences
10. In interviews with 12- to 22-year-olds, Damon found that only about 20 percent had a clear vision of where they want to go in life, what they want to achieve and why. Slightly more than 20 percent expressed no aspirations and in some instances said they didn’t see any reason to have aspirations. What identity status would you associate with these two groups based on the discussion on James Marcia’s concept in chapter 12? Isn’t it okay to not have aspirations between the ages of 12 and 22? 4-5 sentences
11. Discuss some of the positives and negatives of working while in college.2-3 sentences
12. Explain some of the survey information on sexual harassment. Why sexual harassment is rarely reported? 3-4 sentences
Chapter 14: Socioemotional Development in Early Adulthood
1. What is temperament? What is its connection to adult personality? 3-4 sentences
2. Describe the three attachment styles and explain how attachments influence relationships, and careers. 3-4 sentences
3. Briefly describe the link between the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) and adult unresolved attachment. 2+ sentences
4. Explain consensual validation and the matching hypothesis. Give an example of each. 4 sentences
5. Compare women’s and male’s friendship patterns. 3 sentences
6. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of being single in early adulthood. 2-3 sentences
7. Does cohabitation influence marital satisfaction? Discuss the possible reasons for this. 2-3 sentences
8. List a few reasons why remarried adults often find it difficult to stay remarried. 3-4 sentences
9. Discuss the misconceptions about gay and lesbian couples. Why do you think that these misconceptions exist? 4-5 sentences
10. What are some of the advantages of having children later? What are some advantages of having children earlier? When is the correct time to have children? Four -five sentences
11. Describe the different divorce styles by Hetherington and give an example of each. 6 sentences
Chapter 15: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
1. Identify three of the physical changes that take place during middle adulthood for both males and females. Explain what the research tells us regarding these physical changes. 5-8 sentences
2. Describe the differences between LDL and HDL and some of the changes one can make in lifestyle to affect cholesterol levels. 4-5 sentences
3. What are the leading causes of death in middle adulthood and how might life-style changes prevent these causes? 3-4 sentences
4. Describe hormone replacement therapy and identify some of its risks for women 4-5 sentences
5. What are the hormonal changes which may affect sexuality for middle-aged men? 3-4 sentences
6. What are the significant findings regarding sexual attitudes and behaviors of middle-aged adults? 3-4 sentences
7. Discuss the career challenges faced by middle-aged workers in the 21st century. 5-6 sentences
Chapter 16: Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood
1. Identify and discuss the seventh stage of Erikson’s psychosocial life-span development perspective. Offer an example 3-4 sentences
2. Describe the transition to middle adulthood according to Levinson. Explain why his research is criticized and why we need to evaluate his research with caution. 5-6 sentences
3. Explain the contemporary life-events approach to development. Offer an example…3-4 sentences
4. Describe how middle-aged adults perceive control over what happens to them and offer an example…3-4 sentences
5. Is it true that most stage theories have a male bias? Explain? How differently do women experience middle age? 4-5 sentences
6. What are the major criticisms of stage theories? 2-3 sentences
7. Describe the advantages that middle-aged women in non-industrialized societies may experience.2-3 sentences
8. Middle adults are often charged with the responsibility of caring for aging parents and raising adolescents. How does this responsibility influence health and social interactions? 5-6 sentences
Chapter 17: Physical Development in Late Adulthood
1. What is the difference between life span and life expectancy? 2-3 sentences
2. What is the argument presented by the evolutionary theory of aging? 1-2 sentences
3. Discuss the theories of aging and give an examples of each 6-8 sentences
4. Describe some of the brain changes that may occur during later adulthood explain why some of these brain changes may not occur. 4-6 sentences
5. List three major findings from the Nuns of Mankato Study on aging. What do these findings mean to you personally? 5-6 sentences
6. Describe the major changes in physical appearance and movement that may occur in older adulthood. 5-6 sentences
7. What are the three major eye diseases that can impact the vision of older adults? 3 sentences
8. Describe the major changes in sexual functioning among older males.3 sentences
9. Define chronic disorders, and briefly describe major chronic conditions affecting the older population. How might you prevent these chronic conditions? 4 plus sentences
10. What is the “invisible epidemic” among older adults? Why is this epidemic often left untreated? 4-5 sentences
Chapter 18: Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
1. Contrast cognitive mechanics and cognitive pragmatics, and give examples of each. Four plus sentences
2. Discuss the three types of attention mentioned in our text and offer an example of each. 4 plus sentences
3. Describe the status of semantic memory as individual’s age. What does it mean that this research is correlation rather than cause and effect? 4 plus sentences
4. Do beliefs, expectations and feelings influence memory? What are the other non-cognitive factors affecting memory? 4 plus sentences
5. What is the impact of training on cognitive skills of older adults? Are the benefits transferable across domains? 3 plus sentences
6. Explain and detail Denise Park and Patricia Reuter-Lorenz’s view on the aging and cognition? Four plus sentences
7. Describe the status of the language aspect of discourse in aging. 2 plus sentences
8. Discuss the factors involved in employment for older adults. What are the challenges? 2-3 sentences
9. Explain the important factors influencing depression in older adults? Give examples…3-4 sentences
10. Define the various dementias and their warning signs warning signs. 4 plus sentences
Chapter 19: Socioemotional Development in Late Adulthood
1. Name and briefly discuss Erikson’s final stage of development. 3-4 sentences
2. What does activity theory suggest for older adults? Give an example…3-4 sentences
3. Describe the socioemotional selectivity theory. Give an example… 3-4 sentences
4. What are the two important classes of goals identified by socioemotional theory? How do they differ across different age periods? 3-4 sentences
5. Describe the selective optimization with compensation model and give an example…3-4 sentences
6. What does studies on personal life investments across age groups reveal? 2-3 sentences
7. What are the Big Five personality factors that influence mortality of older adults? Give examples…3-4 sentences
8. How stable is self-esteem in late adulthood? Give an example…2-3 sentences
9. What can be done to manage the negative effects of aging on self-control? Does the importance of the strategies differ across age groups?
10. What are the typical effects of ageism? Explain micro-aggressions and stereo-type threats that may occur. You may need to look these terms up as John may not have covered them appropriately. Offer examples…4-5 sentences
11. How does generational inequity influence policymaking? For example, I may be an older adult living in a neighborhood that has a proposed tax increase for the local grade schools. I have no children attending these schools yet I am expected to be pleased by this tax increase??? 3-4 sentences
12. Describe the changes that occur in a traditional couple during the final stage of the marriage process, and how they adjust to these changes. 3-4 sentences
13. What is the role of gender in relationships involving older adult parents and their children? Give examples…3-4 sentences
14. Do older adults feel less lonely than their younger counterparts? Why or why not. Explain…3-4 sentences
15. Describe the influence of ethnicity in older adulthood…2-3 sentences
Chapter 20: Death, Dying and Grieving
1. Describe the components of the death system according to Robert Kastenbaum and give an example of each.
2. Discuss the definition of brain death, and the criteria involved in its determination. 2-3 sentences
3. Define advance directive. One sentence
4. Define euthanasia and give an example(s) 2-3 sentences
5. Discuss a “good death”.1-2 sentences
6. Define hospice and explain its focus. 3-4 sentences
7. Describe common reactions to death of younger adults who are dying. 2-3 sentences
8. Kübler-Ross’ stages of dying were designed and researched and applied to those who had been diagnosed with a terminal illness. There is not a correct, specific pattern to her stages. In reality you may go from denial through acceptance within an hour or linger in one stage for months. The question is….how might these stages influence loved ones who are watching, caring for, and spending time with a terminally ill person that they love? 6-7 sentences
9. As you know, there is no such thing as closure. You need to learn to live with the death of a loved one, and that learning to “live with” is very challenging and takes time. Now that you have read about death and dying in another country, read our text, and perhaps had some personal experiences with death, what in your opinion would be most supportive for someone who has experienced the death of a loved one? 5-6 sentences
10. How does denial impact individuals’ adaption to approaching death? 1-2 sentences
11. What are some of the advantages of having dying individuals know that they are dying and that significant others know they are dying? 2-3 sentences
12. Define various griefs and discuss their major dimensions. 4-5 sentences