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1. Read Frans de Waal’s text 
What I Learned From Tickling Apes
 (PDF posted above in content folder in case of access issues) and watch his TED talk
Moral Behavior in Animals
. His latest book is called Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are? In your D2L post, list the various animal behaviors that are discussed, how they are proven, and what was new/surprising to learn for you.

2. Read Kafka’s narrative (Report to an Academy). Summarize it with special attention to human/animal characteristics/differences (differentia specifica) in your D2L post and propose a quick interpretation: What do you think this text is about?